We all have an obligation to undertake this inquiry to better understand our individual identities and our collective identity as Canadians sharing this land.
These materials and ideas are part of this journey.
May we find joy in this journey. May our youngest students see vibrant communities and strong people first, before they are introduced to the darker sides of our Canadian history that we must all face if we are to reconcile and make peace with the past.
Archives For Ontario
**Updated January 4 2017 with information about artsy.net and seeing more Miro art.**
This blog post includes a 5 minute video, a lesson plan and examples of student that show integration of visual art curriculum and Computational Thinking in my grade 3 classroom.
Thank you to Bea Leiderman, Carolyn Skibba, Douglas Kian and my experience at the Apple Institute in Berlin for this idea. Using Keynote and Kandinsky is Bea’s idea. It’s brilliant. Bea, Carolyn and I went to the Bauhaus Archive in Berlin where we saw Kandinsky’s work. We also had in depth workshops on Keynote. The combination of these experiences at the Apple Institute in Berlin lead to this idea and a project. Bea, Douglas and I are currently working on a project where we are investigating how these ideas of art, coding, and Computational Thinking might fit together. This is the early stage of this team project.
This video gives an overview of the lesson and a chance to peak inside my grade 3 classroom:
Visual Arts Expectations
These are the expectations from the Ontario Arts Curriculum that apply to this lesson:
Elements of Design:
• line: variety of line (e.g., thick, thin, dotted)
• shape and form: composite shapes; symmetrical and asymmetrical shapes and forms in both the human-made environment and the natural world
Principles of Design:
• variety: slight variations on a major theme; strong contrasts (e.g., use of different lines, shapes, values, and colours to create interest)
Creating and Presenting:
D1.1 create two- and three-dimensional works of art that express personal feelings and ideas inspired by the environment or that have the community as their subject
D1.2 demonstrate an understanding of compo – sition, using principles of design to create narrative art works or art works on a theme or topic
D1.4 use a variety of materials, tools, and techniques to respond to design challenges
Reflecting Responding and Analysing:
D2.2 explain how elements and principles of design are used to communicate meaning or understanding in their own and others’ art work
Exploring Forms and Cultural Contexts:
D3.2 demonstrate an awareness of a variety of works of art and artistic traditions from diverse communities, times, and places
Computational Thinking Goals
Karen Brennan and Mitch Resnick published a paper in 2012 describing a framework for teaching and assessing Computational Thinking (CT). I learned about this paper from a presentation by Julie Mueller at a CT event for teachers in August 2016. Based on this framework, these are the CT goals of this lesson:
Coding Concepts (actual computer science concepts): Sequencing and Debugging.
Practices (thinking habits): Being incremental and iterative, testing and debugging, reusing and remixing.
Perspective (beliefs about self): Using technology to express oneself.
- iPad with Swift Playgrounds, Keynote, iMovie, and Seesaw
- Mac with Keynote and iMovie (for the teacher)
- Example Keynote File (this is Bea’s creation): Example Miro Kandinsky Art.key
- Colouring Pages
- Pictures of Kandinsky and Miro Art
Source: Wassily Kandinsky [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: The Smile of the Flamboyant Wings, 1953 by Joan Miro
For more information on Joan Miro, check out this artsy.net site here. Thank you Louise L. for letting me know about this site.The page I have linked “provides visitors with Miró’s bio, over 400 of his works, exclusive articles, and up-to-date Miró exhibition listings. The page also includes related artists and categories, allowing viewers to discover art beyond our Miró page.” The rest of artsy.net is very much worth looking at also.
Teacher Prior Knowledge/Experience:
Student Prior Knowledge/Experience:
- Time to play with Keynote
Lesson Part 1:
Bell-work and Minds On:
As students enter the classroom, give them the option of taking either a Miro or Kandinsky colouring sheet. While the students settle and the teacher takes attendance, students colour the colouring sheets anyway they like.
Introducing the Project and Meeting Miro and Kandinsky:
Introduce the project by showing an example. This was created by Bea:
Next, show examples of Kandinsky and Miro works. Ideally show the same art work as the colouring pages and several more.
Explain how the art is abstract. Show how the example has movement that happens with just a single click.
Go over the success criteria:
Teach Art Concepts:
Have students compare their colouring pages to the actual artists’ works. Notice the main differences. Miro uses curved lines and primary colours whereas Kandinsky uses many different colours but has more geometric shapes and straight lines.
Teach Coding Concepts:
Introduce the coding concepts of sequence and debugging.
Working On It:
Now it’s up to students to create their own Kandinsky or Miro style art, or a mixture of both. You should model how to find shapes, lines, and how to add animation. There are two ways to animate and they are shown in the screenshots below.
Or, tap on the object you want to animate and tap on “Animate.”
Warning: Many students will figure out how to add the animations but won’t be able to link them together. I skip telling them this step so they are confronted with having to problem solve and debug. Once they have a need for this information, I show them how, though many figured it out on their own. The screenshot below shows how to link the animation. To sequence the animation tap on the object, then tap Animate, then tap the heading to get the options you see in the screenshot. Notice that you have to change “Start Build” from “On Tap” to “With Previous Build” or “After Previous Build.”
Once students have completed their projects ask them to share the Keynote files with you. You could do this by using Airdrop or having them save the Keynote file to Google Drive.
This is the end of the first part of the lesson. Now you will need some time to convert those Keynote files on your Mac to mP4. This part was time consuming. I wish I could export keynote files to iMovie on iPad. But, at this point you can only send a copy As Keynote, PDF, or PowerPoint.
Teacher’s Homework Prior to Part 2:
This part is not fun.
- Open each file in Keynote on a Mac and export the file as a Quicktime. (File>Export To>QuickTime…)
- Then, open each file in iMovie and export as MP4.
- Share these files with students. I used Google Drive.
Lesson Part 2:
Bell-work and Housekeeping:
Give students instructions to retrieve the MP4 file you created with the Keynote files. Ask students to open the file in iMovie. Review the success criteria.
Teach Art Concepts ~ Reflection:
Students use iMovie to create a voice over audio recording explaining why Miro or Kandinsky would like their art work. Review the key elements and principles of design for each artist. Give students time to do their reflection and upload videos to Seesaw.
Teach Coding Concepts:
When students are finished uploading their art reflection, have students use Apple Swift Playgrounds Learn to Code 1 to reinforce coding concepts. Have students work on the Command puzzles.
Examples of Student Work:
Here are examples of the animations prior to students adding reflections.
Here are examples including the reflection:
In about a month, I will be travelling to Beijing and Hanghzou China with Jonathan So to participate in the 3rd Annual China Elementary Education International Conference.
Jonathan and I were invited by Ann Lieberman through our involvement with the Teacher Learning and Leadership Program. We are very grateful to have been selected and we hope to represent Ontario educators well.
Jonathan and I are guests that represent Ontario Education. I have been wondering, what makes Ontario’s education system so great? Why do other countries want to know what we are up to?
Education in Ontario is Pretty Great
Did you know that our school system here in Ontario is one of the best in the world?
Did you know that our province has seen a 15% increase in graduation rates and 17% increase in achievement of provincial standards in grade 3 and 6 over the last 10 years? Also, we have closed the achievement gaps between English Language Learners and those students for whom English is their first language.
Not bad. We still have a lot of work to do, but this is good improvement.
And, we are striving to get even better
For ten years, our education system in Ontario has been improving at a steady rate. What’s next?
Three words: Inspire, innovate, transform.
In April 2014, the Ministry of Education released Achieving Excellence: A Renewed Vision for Education in Ontario.
The overall mission is to see success and well-being for every learner from early child care through to adult. Schools should build “knowledge, skills, characteristics” to help learners become “personally successful, economically productive and actively engaged citizens.”
The province of Ontario has 4 clear goals:
- achieving excellence
- ensuring equity
- promoting well-being
- enhancing public confidence
There is a big emphasis on technology for actualizing these goals, especially when it comes to the achieving excellence goal. Below you can see the very first point in the action plan for achieving excellence is to invest in technology.
Ontario has a renewed vision for education. These goals will be measured and yes, EQAO data is part of the picture. I am cheerful to see from the Achieving Excellence document that there will be a broader focus on gathering data beyond reading, writing and math (through EQAO). There is a a fresh feeling of change and think I see that the government will be looking at broader indicators of success.
Inspire. Innovate. Transform. Focus on excellence, equity, wellness and engaging parents and the broader community.